Disability in India – Did you know?

  1. It is argued that poverty is the biggest accuse of disability in India because low socio economic persons are more likely to suffer from malnutrition, have limited access to medical care, lack of care during pregnancy and birth and those who have multiple pregnancies.

  2. In India, 35.29% of people living with disabilities are children, which equal approximately 12 million children. Additionally, the number of people with disabilities is increasing due to population growth, ageing population, emergence of chronic diseases, and medical advances that preserve and prolong life – creating overwhelming demands for health and rehabilitation services.
    04 Disability In India - Did You Know_ (Graph)

  3. Qualitative research into Attitudes towards Persons with Disabilities (PWD)in India finds that households generally believe that disability is due to the “sins” of disabled people or their parents and hence deserved in large measure.Much of the literature on disability in India has pointed to the importance of the concept of karma in attitudes to disability, with disability perceived either as punishment for misdeeds in the past lives of the PWD, or the wrongdoings of their parents. At a more mundane level, people with disabilities are traditionally perceived as somehow inauspicious.

  4. There are many protection issues that also lead to disability, especially mental disabilities. Children who are trafficked, abused and sexually exploited are at a higher risk for psychological effects as well as physical retardation. Other forms of violence against children can also lead to a disability such as corporal punishment in schools, children living on the streets, and purposefully created disabilities for begging. Children from poor families face a double disability. Under-nutrition is also severe problem with children who suffer from cerebral palsy.

  5. Children with disabilities are covered under the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act 1995 and The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment is the only single ministry assigned to protect children with disabilities and other child issues.

  6. Disability in India is still functioning in the realm of social welfare instead of a rights perspective. Teachers are not trained and schools don’t have the infrastructure to deal with children with disabilities. Neither are pediatric wards of hospitals equipped to deal with them. There is equally insufficient data on the number of children living with disabilities to allow the government to provide the necessary services.

  7. Only 1% of children with disabilities have access to school and one third of most disabilities are preventable.

  8. It is stated that 80% of children with disabilities living in India will not survive past age forty.